Europäische Institut für Menschenrechte - Prof. Dr. Dr. Ümit Yazıcıoğlu -
      Europäische Institut für Menschenrechte - Prof. Dr. Dr. Ümit Yazıcıoğlu -

75th Anniversary of Sino-Russian Relations In the Year: Strategic Cooperation and Cultural Exchange

75th Anniversary of Sino-Russian Relations In the Year: Strategic Cooperation and Cultural Exchange


Prof. Dr. Dr. Ümit Yazıcıoğlu


I          I.Entrance


A. 75th anniversary of China-Russia diplomatic relations


The 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and Russia is considered a historical milestone. These long-term relations between the two countries have deepened and expanded over time, maintaining their strategic importance. The first diplomatic contacts began in 1949 after the Soviet Union recognized the Republic of China. These relations were intensely shaped during the Cold War and strengthened in the 1950s based on common ideological and political goals. However, relations underwent changes in later periods and were sometimes tense from a period of harmonious cooperation to the next period. Today, China-Russia relations stand on a solid foundation based on mutual trust, cooperation and common interests.


B. Private meeting before Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to China


The private meeting before Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to China emphasizes the depth and importance of relations between the two countries. This meeting provides an opportunity to identify areas of future cooperation, discuss common goals and further strengthen strategic relations. Putin's visit to China marks a new era in relations between the two countries and will form the basis for future diplomatic steps. This meeting will discuss not only bilateral relations, but also cooperation on regional and global issues. Putin's visit to China is considered an important event that will shape the future course of China-Russia relations and affect the regional balance.


II. Strategic Cooperation in China-Russia Relations


A. Historical friendship and political mutual trust between China and Russia


Relations between China and Russia have historically been shaped on the basis of deep friendship and mutual trust. The roots of relations between the two countries can be found in the common ideological and political goals of the past. Especially during the Cold War, China and the Soviet Union formed a strategic alliance by standing together against the USA and the Western bloc. However, relations have followed a complicated course in the following periods and have been tense at times. Especially in the 1960s, the Sino-Soviet separation caused relations to go through a difficult period. However, in recent years, these fluctuations in relations between the two countries have been replaced by a more solid ground with the increase in mutual understanding and dialogue. Today, relations between China and Russia can be described as a strategic partnership built on mutual respect, equality and mutual interests.


B. Basic principles of strategic cooperation between the two countries


Strategic cooperation between China and Russia is based on a number of basic principles. The two countries have adopted principles such as respecting their sovereignty and territorial integrity, adhering to the principles of mutual benefit and common gain, maintaining political stability and international security, and resolving disputes through peaceful settlement and dialogue. In addition, both countries adhere to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the basic norms of international law and the resolutions of the UN Security Council. Strategic cooperation can be described as a sustainable and stable partnership based on mutual trust.


C. Increase in trade volume and strengthening of economic cooperation


Economic cooperation between China and Russia has increased significantly in recent years. The volume of trade between the two countries has reached historically high levels, indicating that bilateral trade and economic relations are strengthening. In particular, large-scale projects such as China's "Belt and Road" initiative and Russia's Eurasian Economic Union encourage economic cooperation between the two countries. Cooperation in areas such as energy, agriculture, infrastructure and high technology contributes to the economic development of both countries and supports regional development and stability. This economic cooperation contributes to strengthening the strategic partnership between China and Russia and increasing mutual interests.


III. The Ukraine Crisis and China-Russia Relations


A. China's objective approach to the Ukraine crisis and its call for peace


China has taken an objective and impartial approach to the Ukraine crisis and has called for peace. The People's Republic of China has taken a fair stance towards the parties in the crisis and has adopted the path of dialogue and negotiation in resolving the conflict. China's calls for peace aimed to prevent the escalation of the conflict and the escalation of tension. China has called on the international community to make efforts to reduce tensions between the parties and find a peaceful solution.


B. China's proposals and efforts for conflict resolution


China has made various proposals and actively made efforts to resolve the Ukrainian crisis. President Xi Jinping's proposals, which include four principles and three observations, are focused on resolving the crisis peacefully and strengthening dialogue between the parties. China has called on the parties to the conflict for direct talks and stressed the mediation role of the international community. China has also stated that the UN Security Council should make more efforts to promote negotiations between the parties.


C. The role and attitude of the Sino-Russian strategic partnership in the crisis


The Sino-Russian strategic partnership has played an important role in the Ukraine crisis and has ensured strong solidarity between the two countries. Russia has supported China's objective and fair approach to the crisis and strengthened the dialogue between the two countries. Both countries have coordinated their efforts for the peaceful resolution of the crisis and focused the attention of the international community on the resolution of the crisis. China and Russia acted together in resolving the crisis and contributed to the peaceful conclusion of the conflict by building bridges between the parties. In this context, the China-Russia strategic partnership has formed an important part of international efforts to maintain stability and find a peaceful solution to the Ukraine crisis.


IV. Effects of Sanctions and Long-Term Jurisdiction


A. China's stance against unilateral sanctions


China has taken a consistent stance against unilateral sanctions in international relations. The country rejected the unilateral imposition of sanctions based on international law and the principles set out in the UN Charter, stressing that such practices threaten the stability and security of the international community. China has criticized and resisted the use of sanctions for political purposes and attempts to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries. The country has tried to prevent the negative effects of unilateral sanctions on international relations, arguing that fair trade should be promoted and international relations should be carried out on the basis of mutual respect and equality.


B. The effects of sanctions on foreign companies in Russia


The imposition of sanctions against Russia has led to significant effects on foreign companies in Russia. In particular, the sanctions imposed by the USA and the European Union have restricted the trade and investment activities of foreign companies in Russia and negatively affected the business environment. Sanctions have had a major impact on foreign companies in sectors such as energy, finance, defense and technology. This situation limited the business and growth potential of foreign companies trading with Russia and caused economic losses. However, some foreign companies have tried to overcome these challenges by seeking alternative markets and reorganizing their business strategies to mitigate the effects of sanctions.


C. Resilience in Sino-Russian relations and advocacy of legitimate trade


Relations between China and Russia have shown a resilient stance against the effects of sanctions. The two countries have been advocates of legitimate trade based on mutual interests and have countered the negative effects of sanctions on economic cooperation. China and Russia have developed trade and investment relations, cooperated to minimize the effects of sanctions and sought alternative trade routes. In this context, economic cooperation between China and Russia has helped to reduce the impact of sanctions on international trade and investment and increased the resilience of relations. Both countries have made efforts to protect international law and trade, emphasizing the importance of legitimate trade and advocating for the free and fair conduct of international trade.


V. BRICS and SCO: The Role of the South in Global Governance


A. The influence and expansion of BRICS and SCO in the international landscape


International organizations formed by emerging market countries and developing countries such as BRICS and SCO play an important role in global governance. By challenging traditional power centers, these groups are changing the global economic and political balances. BRICS, as a group that includes Brazil, Russia, India, China and the Republic of South Africa, has a significant weight in terms of economic size and population. The SCO, on the other hand, is an organization consisting of Asian and Central Asian countries such as China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Both organizations have had an effective presence and expansion in the international arena. Especially in recent years, BRICS and SCO have increased their influence by deepening the cooperation of member countries and accepting new members.


B. BRICS and SCO promotion and strengthening of global multipolarity  


BRICS and SCO play an important role in promoting and strengthening global multipolarity. These organizations bring together countries that oppose the dominance of hegemonic powers in international relations and advocate a multipolar world order. BRICS and the SCO aim to increase cooperation between member countries and to ensure that the international system functions in a more fair and balanced manner. Against this background, BRICS and the SCO determine common positions on global economic and political issues and lead the international community towards a multipolar world order.



C.The role of China and Russia in BRICS and SCO and their prospects for cooperation


China and Russia play a decisive role in the BRICS and SCO, and the prospects for cooperation in these organizations are quite high. Both countries have taken leadership roles in these platforms and made efforts to strengthen cooperation among member countries. China and Russia are developing joint projects and deepening their strategic partnership to increase cooperation in the economic, political and security fields within the BRICS and SCO. In addition, China and Russia are taking various steps to support the expansion of BRICS and the SCO, as well as to increase solidarity among member countries. In this context, the leadership roles of China and Russia in the BRICS and SCO contribute to the change in the global balance of power and the establishment of a multipolar world order.


VI. The Sino-Russian Year of Culture and Cultural Exchange


A. The purpose and significance of the Sino-Russian Year of Culture


The China-Russia Year of Culture is an important event held to promote cultural exchanges and deepen cultural relations between the two countries. This event allows China and Russia to share and mutually promote their rich cultural heritage with each other. The Year of Culture provides an opportunity to consolidate the friendship and cooperation between the two countries, which are historically deep-rooted. In addition, the increase in cultural interactions deepens the mutual understanding between societies and helps to establish closer relations between people.


B. Variety of cultural events to be organized between the two countries


Various cultural events will be held as part of the China-Russia Year of Culture. These events will include various cultural events such as art exhibitions, music concerts, dance performances, theater plays, film screenings, literary events and gastronomic festivals. Reflecting the cultural heritage of both countries, these events will allow people to get to know and appreciate each other's cultures more closely. In addition, through these events, collaboration and interactions between artists, writers, musicians and other cultural figures will increase, allowing for the development of new cultural projects.


C. Cultural exchange deepens mutual understanding and strengthens friendship between the two peoples


The Sino-Russian Year of Culture provides an important opportunity to deepen mutual understanding and strengthen friendship between the two peoples. Through cultural events, people will get to know each other's cultures better, discover commonalities and understand differences. This will strengthen the cultural bridges between societies and ensure that the relationships between people are more intimate and deep. In addition, increased cultural exchanges can also contribute to the strengthening of diplomatic relations between the two countries, as cultural relations are often seen as a precursor to diplomatic relations. Therefore, the success of the China-Russia Year of Culture can contribute to the further development and deepening of the overall relations between the two countries.


VII. Conclusion


A. Deepening cooperation and the future of China-Russia relations


Relations between China and Russia are progressing on the basis of a deepening and strengthening cooperation from past to present. The strategic partnership between the two countries is built on a foundation of mutual trust and has become stronger and stronger. China and Russia cooperate closely on many issues in the international arena and act in line with common interests. In the future, this cooperation is expected to deepen and expand further, as both countries support each other's development and prosperity and strive to achieve common goals.


B. The importance of cultural exchange for strengthening mutual understanding and friendship between the two countries


Cultural exchange is extremely important to deepen mutual understanding and strengthen friendship between China and Russia. Cultural events and interactions allow people to get to know each other's cultures better and help them find commonalities. This strengthens bridges between societies and leads to warmer and more intimate relationships between people. Cultural exchange also contributes to people understanding and respecting each other better, which allows relations between the two countries to be placed on a more solid foundation.


C. The contribution of China-Russia relations to global peace and stability


The solid cooperation and friendship between China and Russia have made significant contributions to global peace and stability. The two countries promote multilateral cooperation in the international arena and work together to uphold international norms. In addition, China and Russia contribute to a more fair and balanced functioning of the international system by maintaining the global balance of power and opposing unilateral actions of the hegemonic powers. Therefore, strengthening and deepening China-Russia relations is extremely important for maintaining and promoting global peace and stability.


May 16, 2024 Lüxsenburg



Empfehlen Sie diese Seite auf:

Druckversion | Sitemap