Europäisches Institut für Menschenrechte - Prof. Dr. Dr. Ümit Yazıcıoğlu -
       Europäisches Institut für Menschenrechte- Prof. Dr. Dr. Ümit Yazıcıoğlu -

Western High-Tech Investments and Global Impacts


Western High-Tech Investments and Global Impacts


Prof. Dr. Dr. Ümit Yazıcıoğlu

1. Introduction:

This article aims to analyze the developments on the contemporary international stage, examining the strategic approaches of the West and the global dynamics of high-tech investments. The article is written with the purpose of evaluating the responses of the West, especially towards the rising influence of BRICS countries, in order to comprehend international relations balances and technological interactions. In this context, the roles of significant actors like Russia and Turkey will also be highlighted.


2. Role of BRICS and Western Approach:

The increasing role of BRICS countries on the international stage has drawn the attention of the West. This alliance presents a strong alternative to G7 countries with its economic growth and political influence. Particularly, numerous countries from Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America are making efforts to become BRICS members. This situation underscores that BRICS is influential not only economically and commercially but also politically and culturally. For instance, South Africa through the NEPAD program opens doors to collaboration in Africa, promoting cooperation.


The distinction between the Western world and BRICS lies in the fact that BRICS is a platform where countries with differing positions come together, rather than a disciplined unity among participant nations. Diverse perspectives and strategies emerge in areas such as expansion policies, development programs, and especially relations with the Anglo-Saxon world. Therefore, the West's "divide and conquer" strategy aims to exploit the differences within BRICS, fostering division and weakening among its members.


2.1 Western Strategic Investments and Sample Countries:

The West is taking strategic steps, particularly against rising powers like China and Russia. Measures such as investment bans in the high-tech sector serve the purpose of enhancing national security and defense capabilities. However, this strategy is shaped not only by collaboration among Western countries but also by cooperation with other nations. In this context, the roles of countries like Russia and Turkey are of significant importance.


Russia has established itself as a major player in the high-tech sector, achieving notable successes in space and energy fields. Similarly, Turkey has taken significant strides in areas such as defense industry and communication technologies, enhancing its own technology production capacity. These countries play a critical role in terms of collaboration and competition concerning the West's strategic goals.


2.2 BRICS' Weakening Becoming a Priority for Washington:

Recent developments indicate that the weakening of BRICS has become a priority for the United States. This situation emerges as a crucial development reshaping dynamics and power balances on the international relations stage. The concerns of the U.S. in this direction are evident in both the political and economic arenas.


3. Two-Party Consensus and Differences in Views

In the political arena of the United States, a two-party consensus regarding BRICS is evident. Both the government and Congress take the rising influence and growth of BRICS countries seriously into consideration.


However, at this point, the fundamental points of contention revolve around the nature, scope, and speed of measures to be taken against Russia and China. While some advocate for broader and swifter actions, others believe that a more controlled and incremental approach is more effective.


3.1 Observation of BRICS' Strengthening

The United States observes that the authority and influence of BRICS countries are rapidly increasing and growing. This situation particularly indicates that BRICS has become a progressively more influential player on international platforms. It underscores the fact that BRICS poses a strong alternative to G7 countries.


The attention BRICS receives from regions like Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America demonstrates that this alliance has become a growing center of attraction in the international arena.


3.2 Expansion and Regional Impact

BRICS is not merely a structure limited to the internal affairs of its member countries. On the contrary, this alliance aims to involve other countries in the relevant regions through its member countries' activities. For instance, South Africa assumes a regional "gateway" role by encouraging other African countries to collaborate with BRICS nations through the NEPAD program. This way, the influence of BRICS extends beyond member countries and spreads across a broader geography.


3.3 BRICS' Flexible Structure and "Divide and Conquer" Policy

BRICS does not resemble the typical iron-disciplined bloc unions of Western organizations. This alliance serves as a platform where member countries can adopt different positions on various issues and policy domains.


This flexible structure leads to differences emerging, particularly in areas such as expansion strategy, development programs, and relations with the West. At this juncture, it is plausible to suggest that the U.S. could utilize its "divide and conquer" policy against BRICS by exploiting these differences within the alliance, aiming to divide and weaken it.


4. Varied and Complex Western Strategies

In the contemporary world, the United States and Western countries employ various and intricate strategies to enhance their activities on the international relations stage and weaken rival powers. Particularly, Western organizations like the EU and NATO aim to increase their influence in the international arena by inviting and collaborating with non-traditional strong actors in meetings.


4.1 Rise of India and its Role on the International Platform

In recent years, India being regularly invited to G7 meetings reflects the country's increasing importance on the international stage. This invitation demonstrates that parallel to India's economic growth and technological development, it has become a more influential player on international platforms.


5. Strategies Against Russia and China

The West offers large-scale financing, infrastructure, and energy projects to developing countries with the aim of weakening powerful rival countries like China and Russia. These projects resemble strategies like China's Belt and Road Initiative and reflect the West's efforts to expand its sphere of influence. Initiatives like the Global Infrastructure and Investment Partnership are being implemented with contributions from countries like Russia and China.


5.1 Use of Sanction Mechanisms

In recent times, the strategy of effectively employing sanction mechanisms on the international relations stage has gained importance. Especially, U.S. President Joe Biden's new measures against China target Chinese companies in the high-tech sector by restricting investments. These steps serve the purpose of modernizing national security and integrating the defense capacity of the high-tech sector.


5.2 Broad Effects of Investment Bans

Investment bans aim not only to reduce economic dependency but also to weaken and render target countries economically ineffective. With this strategy, the goal is to limit technological development and restrict international competitiveness. Secondary sanctions also aim to expedite efforts to form coalitions against Russia and China.


5.3 Impact in the Field of Technology and Collaboration

Investment bans particularly aim to limit the international influence of Chinese high technology and constrain interactions in this field. This strategy seeks to cut off technological collaborations by equipping private capital and skilled workforce with high-quality scientific personnel and a talented and inexpensive workforce, thereby isolating target countries.


5.4 Changes in the Global Economy and Transformation of Free Trade Principles

The strategies adopted by the West are seen as indicators of a shift against principles of free trade and free enterprise in the global economy. Measures like investment bans demonstrate that international relations and the economy are undergoing a reshaping in unprecedented ways.


6. Conclusion:

The international strategies of the West play a significant role in a period where global balances and interactions are redefined in a new way. High-tech investments are a critical factor shaping the dynamics of international relations and economic competition. In this context, the strategic moves of countries like Russia and Turkey are just a few examples of the West's responses to the evolving world order.


The meaning and impacts of high-tech investments and strategic moves are understood in a time challenging the fundamental principles of the global economy. The measures taken by the West against new actors such as BRICS countries offer important insights into how the balances in international relations will shape and how competition in the technology field will be directed. In this context, the strategic contributions of important countries like Russia and Turkey are valuable for understanding dynamics in international relations and technological advancements.


In conclusion, the diversified and complex strategies employed by the West on today's international relations stage reflect the intention to weaken rival powers and expand their sphere of influence. The West aims to influence powerful actors like Russia and China through economic projects and sanction mechanisms, attempting to isolate these countries and limit their influence on the international platform.


Strategies like investment bans not only aim to restrict technological advancement and weaken target countries but also indicate a shift against the principles of free trade and free enterprise that underlie international relations. These strategies emphasize that the West is shaping new dynamics and balances on the international stage.


In sum, the West's complex strategies significantly influence international relations and pave the way for new paradigms on a global scale. The impacts of these strategies are among the important factors that will shape future international dynamics and power balances.


August 18, 2023, Cambridge



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